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2015年专四真题及参考答案


TEST  FOR  ENGLISH  MAJORS (2015)    -GRADE FOUR-

 

  PART I  DICTATION

  PART II   LISTENING COMPREHENSION

  SECTION A CONVERSATIONS

  Conversation one

  1. Why is the trip to Mars a one-way trip?

  A. The return trip is too expensive.

  B. There is no technology to get people back.

  C. People don’t want to return.

  D. The return trip is too risky.

  2. According to the man, what is more important for those recruits?

  A. Intelligence.  B. Health.  C. Skills.  D. Calmness.

  3. What is the last part of the conversation about? 

  A. The kind of people suitable for the trip.

  B. Interests and hobbies of the speakers.

  C. Recruitment of people for the trip.

  D. Preparation for the trip to Mars.

  Conversation Two

  4. What is showrooming? 

  A. Going to the high street.           B. Visiting everyday shops.

  C. Buying things like electrical goods.  D. Visiting shops and buying online.

5. According to the conversation, the man had bought all the following things online EXCEPT  

A. shoes  B. CDs  C. camera  D. food

  6. According to the conversation, the percentage of people who showroomed while Christmas shopping was

  A. 3%  B. 33%  C. 42%  D. 24%

  7. One reason for people to showroom is that they

  A. want to know more about pricing    B. can return the product later

  C. want to see the real thing first       D. can bargain for a lower shop price

  Conversation Three

8. What is the conversation mainly about?  

A. How to avoid clashes of exams.  B. How to schedule exams.

  C. How to use the faculty lounge.  D. How to choose the courses.

  9. What does the student have to do first in order to take the exams?

  A. To choose a date on the draft schedule.

  B. To find the information on the bulletin board.

  C. To draw up the final schedule.

  D. To arrange an invigilator.

  10. According to the conversation, the Dean will 

  A. sign the sheet in the faculty lounge

  B. take care of the bulletin board

  C. consult the students

  D. finalize the exam schedule

SECTION B PASSAGES

  Passage One

  11. Which of the following cities has the oldest Chinatown in North America?  

  A. New York.  B. San Francisco.  C. Boston.  D. San Diego.

  12. The Chinatown in San Francisco attracts tourists a year. 

  A. 20 ,000  B. 100 ,000  C. 7 million  D. 17 million

  13. Where can tourists see the fish markets? 

  A. In Stockton Street.     B. In Grant Avenue.

  C. In Portsmouth Square.  D. In Bush Street.

  Passage Two

  14. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

  A. Obesity can damage one’s health.

  B. Obesity is a growing problem all over the world.

  C. Obesity is directly related to one’s habit.

  D. Obesity has affected both boys and girls.

  15. The purpose of the three-year study is to .

  A. find out why some children find it difficult to go to sleep

  B. learn more about the link between sleep and weight

  C. identify the ways parents reduce their kids’ weight

  D. see if there is difference in sleep patterns over the period

  16. According to the study, the daily healthy sleep time for the 3rd to 6th graders should be around ___ hours.

  A. 8  B. 9  C. 10  D. 11

  17. According to the passage, obesity is most likely related to __ .

  A. sleep time  B. gender  C. race  D. parents

  Passage Three

  18. According to a number of students, __ __ is the main factor for early-age smoking.

  A. gender  B. personality  C. environment  D. money

  19. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

  A. Very few continue smoking throughout their teenage years.

  B. Most early-age smokers soon stop experimenting.

  C. Some early-age smokers never go beyond experimenting.

  D. Children quickly become regular smokers by carrying cigarettes.

  20. All the following are features of smokers EXCEPT ___ .

  A. strong peer influence   B. low sense of achievement

  C. high sense of rebellion  D. close family relationship

  SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST

  News Item 1

  21. Why were some children offered only fruit and milk for lunch?

  A. The school stopped providing school lunch.

  B. Their parents failed to pay for school lunch.

  C. Some parents preferred fruit and milk for lunch.

  D. These children chose to have something different.

  22. How did parents react to the school’s way of handling the situation? 

  A. They were upset      B. They were furious.

  C. They were surprised.  D. They were sad.

  News Item 2

  23. According to the news, what is the main advantage of the digital key?  

  A. Guests can pay without going to the front desk.

  B. Guests can go direct to their rooms.

  C. Guests can check out any time.

  D. Guests can make room reservations.

  24. The hotel company intends to have the system in ___ of its hotels in the next three months.

  A. 2  B. 3  C. 100  D. 150

  News Item 3

  25. According to the court ruling, Shrien Dewani _ ___ .

  A. will return to the U.K. for medical treatment

  B. will remain in South Africa for medical treatment

  C. will stand trial in South Africa once proved fit

  D. will be extradited even if he is unfit to stand trial

  26. What was Dewani accused of?

  A. Having his wife killed.          B. Killing his wife in the U.K.

  C. Being involved in a taxi accident.  D. Hiring a crew of hit men.

  News Item 4

  27. The U.N. new vote would allow all the following EXCEPT ___ .

  A. the use of force by European Union troops

  B. the suspension of an existing arms embargo

  C. the extension of U.N. peacekeeping mission

  D. the ban on travel and freeze of assets

  News Item 5

  28. What is the news mainly about?

  A. Causes of early death in Russia.  B. Behavior of alcoholics.

  C. Causes of alcohol poisoning.   D. Number of death over 10 years.

  News Item 6

  29. The total investment in film-making in Britain in 2012 was __ __ .

  A. £945 million  B. £1.07 billion  C. £500,000  D. £87,000

  30. Hollywood studios prefer to make films in Britain because ___ .

  A. The UK is a good film location

  B. The cast usually comes from Britain

  C. Hollywood emphasizes quality

  D. Production cost can be reduced

PART III   CLOZE

Electricity is such a part of our everyday lives and so much taken for granted nowadays 31 ___ we 

rarely think twice when we switch on the light or turn on the TV set. At night, roads are brightly lit, 

enabling people and32 ___ to move freely. Neon lighting used in advertising has become part of the 33 ___ of every modern city. In the home, many 34 ___ devices are powered by electricity. 35 ___ 

when we turn off the bedside lamp and are 36 ___ asleep, electricity is working for us, 37 ___ our 

refrigerators, heating our water, or keeping our rooms air-conditioned. Every day, trains, buses and 

subways take us to and from work. We rarely 38 ___ to consider why or how they run——39 ___ something goes wrong. 

In the summer of 1959, something 40  ___ go wrong with the power-plant that provided New York 

with electricity. For a great many hours, life came almost to a 41 ___. Trains refused to move and the people in them sat in the dark, 42 ___ to do anything; lifts stopped working, so that 43 ___ you  were lucky enough not to be 44. ___ between two floors, you had the unpleasant task of finding your way  down 45 ___ of stairs. Famous streets like Broadway and Fifth Avenue in a(n) 46 ___ became as 

gloomy and uninviting 47 ___ the most remote back streets. People were afraid to leave their houses, 48 ___ . although the police had been ordered to 49 ___ in case of emergency, they were just as 

confused and50 ___ as anybody else.

31. A. that B. thus C. as D. so

32. A. car B. truck C. traffic D. pedestrians

33. A. appearance B. character C. distinction D. surface

34. A. money-saving B. time-saving C. energy-saving D. labor-saving

35. A. Only B. Rarely C. Even D. Frequently

36. A. fast B. quite C. closely D. quickly

37. A. moving B. starting C. repairing D. driving

38. A. trouble B. bother C. hesitate D. remember

39. A. when B. if C. until D. after

40. A. did B. would C. could D. Should

41. A. pause B. terminal C. breakdown D. standstill

42. A. incompetent B. powerless C. hesitant D. helpless

43. A. although B. when C. as D. even if

44. A. trapped B. placed C. positioned D. locked

45. A. steps B. levels C. flights D. floors

46. A. time B. instant C. point D. minute

47. A. like B. than C. for D. as

48. A. for B. and C. but D. or

49. A. stand aside B. stand down C. standby D. stand in

50. A. aimless B. helpless C. unfocused D. undecided

PART IV GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY

  51. When you have finished with that book, don’t forget to put it back on the shelf, ____?

  A. don’t you  B. do you  C. will you  D. won’t you

  52. Mary is __ ___ hardworking than her sister, but she failed in the exam.

  A. no less  B. no more  C. not less  D. not so

  53. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?  

  A. Only one out of six were present at the meeting.

  B. Ten dollars was stolen from the cash register.

  C. Either my sister or my brother is wrong.

  D. Five miles seem like a long walk to me.

  54. Which of the italicized parts expresses a future tense? 

  A. My friend teaches chemistry in a school.

  B. I’ll give it to you after I return.

  C. What is the matter with you?

  D. London stands on the River Thames.

  55. It is not so much the language ____ the cultural background that makes the film difficult to understand.

  A. but  B. nor  C. like  D. as

  56. There is no doubt ____ the committee has made the right decision on the housing project.

  A. why  B. that  C. whether  D. when

  57. All the President’s Men ____ one of the important books for scholars who study the Watergate Scandal.

  A. remains  B. remained  C. remain  D. is remaining

  58. If you explained the situation to your lawyer, he ___ __ able to advise you much better than I can.

  A. will be  B. was  C. would be  D. were

  59. Which of the following is a stative verb (静态动词)? 

  A. Drink  B. Close  C. Rain  D. Belong

  60. Which of the following italicized parts indicates a subject-verb relation?

  A. The man has a large family to support.

  B. She had no wish to quarrel with her brother.

  C. He was the last guest to leave.

  D. Mary needs a friend to talk to.

  61. The following are all correct responses to “Who told the news to the teacher?” EXCEPT __ ___?

  A. Bob did it  B. Bob did so  C. Bob did that  D. Bob did.

  62. Which of the following is INCORRECT?  

  A. Another two girls  B. Few words  C. This work  D. A bit of flowers

  63. Which of the following italicized words does NOT indicate willingness? 

  A. What will you do when you graduate?

  B. They will be home by now.

  C. Who will go with me?

  D. Why will you go there alone?

  64. When one has good health, ___ should feel fortunate

  A. you  B. she  C. he  D. we

  65. There ____ nothing more for discussion, the meeting came to an end half an hour earlier.

  A. to be  B. to have been  C. be  D. being

  66. Two of her brothers were _ __ during the Second World War.

  A. called up  B. called on  C. called for  D. called out

  67. Bottles from this region sell __ ____ at about $50 a case.

  A. entirely  B. totally  C. wholesale  D. together

  68. The product contains no ____ colours, flavours, or preservatives.

  A. fake  B. artificial  C. false  D. wrong

  69. Davis accepted the defeat in the semi-final with good grace. The underlined part is closest in meaning to ___ ___.

  A. cheerfully  B. wholeheartedly  C. politely  D. quietly

  70. __ ___ and business leaders were delighted at the decision to hold the national motor fair in the city.

  A. Civil  B. Civilized  C. Civilian  D. Civic

  71. The city council is planning a huge road-building programme to ease congestion. The underlined part means __ ___.

  A. calm  B. relieve  C. comfort  D. still

  72. His unfortunate appearance was offset by an attractive personality. The underlined part means all the following EXCEPT ____.

  A. improved  B. made up for  C. balanced  D. compensated for

  73. The doctor said that the gash in his check required stitches. The underlined part means ____.

  A. lump  B. depression  C. swelling  D. cut

  74. During the economic crisis, they had to cut back production and __ ___ workers.

  A. lay off  B. lay into  C. lay down  D. lay aside

  75. The university consistently receives a high __ ____ for the quality of its teaching and research.

  A. standard  B. evaluation  C. rating  D. comment

  76. To mark its one hundredth anniversary, the university held a series of activities including conferences, film shows, etc. The underlined part means __ ___.

  A. signify  B. celebrate  C. symbolize  D. suggest

  77. His fertile mind keeps turning out new ideas. The underlined part means _ ____.

  A. abundant  B. unbelievable  C. productive  D. generative

  78. The local news paper has a ___ __ of 100,000 copies a day.

  A. spread  B. circulation  C. motion  D. flow

  79. These issues were discussed at length during the meeting. The underlined part means __ ___.

  A. eventually  B. subsequently  C. lastly  D. fully

  80. A couple of young people were giving out leaflets in front of the department store. The underlined part means __ ___.

  A. distributing  B. handling  C. dividing  D. arranging

PART V READING COMPREHENSION

Text A

     

Inundated by more information than we can possibly hold in our head, we're increasingly handing off the job of remembering to search engines and smart phones. Google is even reportedly working on eyeglasses that could one day recognize faces and supply details about whoever you're looking at. But new research shows that outsourcing our memory – and expecting that information will be continually and instantaneously available --is changing our cognitive habits.

    Research conducted by Betsy Sparrow, an assistant professor of psychology at Columbia University, has identified three new realities about how we process information in the Internet age. First, her experiments showed that when we don't know the answer to a question, we now think about where we can find the nearest Web connection instead of the subject of the question itself. A second revelation is that when we expect to be able to find information again later on, we don't remember it as well as when we think it might become unavailable. And then there is the researchers' final observation: the expectation that we'll he able to locate inf orination down the line leads us to form a memory not of the fact itself but of where we'II be able to find it.

    But this handoff comes with a downside. Skills like critical thinking and analysis must develop in the context of facts: we need something to think and reason about, after all. And these facts can't be Googled as we go;they need to be stored in the original hard drive, our long-term memory. Especially in the case of children, "factual knowledge must precede skill," says Daniel Willingham, a professor of psychology, at the University of Virginia -- meaning that the days of drilling the multiplication table and memorizing the names of the Presidents aren't over quite yet. Adults, too, need to recruit a supply of stored knowledge in order to situate and evaluate new information they encounter. You can't Google context.

    Last, there's the possibility, increasingly terrifying to contemplate, that our machines fail us. As Sparrow puts it, "The experience of losing our Internet connection becomes more and more like losing a friend." If you're going to keep your memory on your smart phone, better make sure it's fully charged.

  81. Google’s eyeglasses are supposed to _ __.

  [A]improve our memory   [B]function like memory

  [C]help us see faces better  [D]work like smart phones

  82. According to the passage, “cognitive habits” refers to _ __.

  [A] how we deal with information  [B] functions of human memory

  [C] the amount of information  [D] the availability of information

  83. Which of the following statements about Sparrow’s research is CORRECT?

  [A] We remember people and things as much as before.

  [B] We remember more Internet connections than before.

  [C] We pay equal attention to location and content of information.

  [D]We tend to remember location rather than the core of facts.

  84. What does the author mean by “context”?

  [A]It refers to long-term memory.    [B]It refers to a new situation.

  [C]It refers to a store of knowledge.  [D]It refers to the search engine.

  85. What is the implied message of the author?

  [A]Web connections aid our memory.

  [B]People differ in what to remember.

  [C]People keep memory on smart phones.

  [D]People need to exercise their memory.

  

Text B

  I was a second-year medical student at the university, and was on my second day of rounds at a nearby hospital. My university's philosophy was to get students seeing patients early in their education. Nice idea,but it overlooked one detail:second-year students know next to nothing about medicine.

    Assigned to my team that day was an attending - a senior faculty member who was there mostly to make patients feel they weren't in the hands of amateurs. Many attendings were researchers who didn't have much recent hospital experience. Mine was actually an arthritis specialist. Also along was a resident (the real boss, with a staggering mastery of medicine, at least to a rookie like myself). In addition there were two interns(住院实习医生). These guys were just as green as I wasbut in a scarier way: they had recently graduated from the medical school, so they were technically MDs.

    I began the day at 6:30 am. An intern and I did a quick check of our eight patients; later, we were to present our findings to the resident and then to the attending. I had three patients and the intern had the other five - piece of cake.

    But when I arrived in the room of 71-year-old Mr. Adamshe was sitting up in bed, sweating heavily and panting (喘气). He'd just had a hip operation and looked terrible. I listened to his lungs with my stethoscope, but they sounded clear. Next I checked the log

of his vital signs and saw that his respiration and heart rate had been climbing, but his temperature was steady. It didn't seem like heart failure, nor did it appear to be pneumonia. So I asked Mr. Adams what he thought was going on.

    "It's really hot in here, Doc," he replied.

    So I attributed his condition to the stuffy room and told him the rest of the team would return in a few hours. He smiled and feebly waved goodbye.

    At 8:40 am., during our team meeting, "Code Blue Room 307!" blared from the loudspeaker.     I froze.

    That was Mr. Adams's room.

    When we arrived, he was motionless.

    The autopsy (尸体解剖) later found Mr. Adams had suffered a massive pulmonary embolism (肺部栓塞). A blood clot had formed in his leg, worked its way to his lungs, and cut his breathing capacity in half. His symptoms had been textbook: heavy perspiration and shortness of breath despite clear lungs. The only thing was: I hadn't read that chapter in the textbook yet. And I was too scared, insecure, and proud to ask a real doctor for help.

This mistake has haunted me for nearly 30 years, but what's particularly frustrating is that the same medical education system persists. Who knows how many people have died or suffered harm at the hands of students as naive as I, and how many more will?

86. Why was the author doing rounds in a hospital?  

  [A]He himself wanted to have practice.

  [B]Students of all majors had to do so.

  [C]It was part of his medical training.

  [D]He was on a research team.

  87. We learn that the author’s team members had __.

  [A]much practical experience  [B]adequate knowledge

  [C]long been working there    [D]some professional deficiency

  88. While the author was examining Mr. Adams, all the following symptoms caught his attention EXCEPT __ __.

  [A]moving difficulty     [B]steady temperature

  [C]faster heart rate       [D]breathing problem

  89. “His symptoms had been textbook” means that his symptoms were _ ___.

  [A]part of the textbook              [B]no longer in the textbook

  [C]recently included in the textbook  [D]explained in the textbook

  90. At the end of the passage, the author expresses __ __ about the medical education system.

  [A]optimism  [B]hesitation  [C]concern  [D]support

  

TEXT C

   The war on smoking, now five decades old and counting, is one of the nation's greatest public health success stories - but not for everyone.

    As a whole, the country has made amazing progress. In 1964, four in ten adults in the US smoked; today fewer than two in ten do. But some states - Kentucky, South Dakota and Alabama to name just a few - seem to have missed the message that smoking is deadly.

    Their failure is the greatest disappointment in an effort to save lives that was started on Jan. 11, 1964, by the first Surgeon General's Report on Smoking and Health. Its finding that smoking is a cause of lung cancer and other diseases was major news then. The hazards of smoking were just starting to emerge.

    The report led to cigarette warning labels, a ban on TV ads and eventually an anti-smoking movement that shifted the nation's attitude on smoking. Then, smokers were cool. Today, many are outcasts, rejected by restaurants, bars, public buildings and even their own workplaces. Millions of lives have been saved.

    The formula for success is no longer guesswork: Adopt tough warning labels, air public service ads, fund smoking cessation programs and impose smoke-free laws. But the surest way to prevent smoking, particularly among price-sensitive teens, is to raise taxes. If you can stop them from smoking, you've won the war. Few people start smoking after turning 19.

    The real-life evidence of taxing power is powerful. The 10 states with the lowest adult smoking rates slap an average tax of $2.42 on every pack -- three times the average tax in the states with the highest smoking rates.

New York has the highest cigarette tax in the country, at $4.35 per pack, and just 12 percent of teens smoke, far below the national average of 18 percent. Compare that with Kentucky, where taxes are low (60 cents), smoking restrictions are weak and the teen smoking rate is double New York's. Other low-tax states have similarly dismal records.

    Enemies of high tobacco taxes cling to the tired argument that they fall disproportionately on the poor. True, but so do the deadly effects of smoking, far worse than a tax. The effect of the taxes is amplified further when the revenue is used to fund initiatives that help smokers quit or persuade teens not to start.

    Anti-smoking forces have plenty to celebrate this week, having helped avoid 8 million premature deaths in the past 50 years. But as long as 3,000 adolescents and teens take their first puff each day, the war is not won.

91. What does "counting" mean in the context?

  [A] Continuing.      [B] Including.  [C] Calculating.      [D] Relying on.

  92. According to the context, "Their failure" refers to__ _____.

  [A] those adults who continue to smoke

  [B] those states that missed the message

  [C] findings of the report

  [D] hazards of smoking

  93. The following are all efforts that led to the change of attitude on smoking EXCEPT_____.

  [A] rejecting by the public   [B] cigarette warning labels

  [C] anti-smoking campaigns  [D] anti-smoking legislation

  94. According to the author, raising tax on cigarettes___ ____.

  [A] is unfair to the poor       [B] is an effective measure

  [C] increases public revenue   [D] fails to solve the problem

  95. What is the passage mainly about?   

  [A] How to stage anti-smoking campaigns.

  [B] The effects of the report on smoking and health.

  [C] Tax as the surest path to cut smoking.

  [D] The efforts to cut down on teenage smoking.

  TEXT D

Attachment Parenting is not Indulgent Parenting. Attachment parents do not "spoil" their  children. Spoiling is done when a child is given everything that they want regardless of what they need and regardless of what is practical. Indulgent parents give toys for tantrums(发脾气), ice cream for breakfast. Attachment parents don't give their children everything that they want, they give their children everything that they need. Attachment parents believe that love and comfort are free and necessary. Not sweets or toys.

    Attachment Parenting is not "afraid of tears" parenting. Our kids cry. The difference is that we understand that tantrums and tears come from emotions and not manipulation. And our  

children understand this too, They cry and have tantrums sometimes, of course. But they do this because their emotions are so overwhelming that they need to get it out. They do not expect to be "rewarded" for their strong negative emotions; they simply expect that we will listen. We pick up our babies when they cry, and we respond to the tears of our older children because we believe

firmly that comfort is free, love is free, and that when a child has need for comfort and love, it is our job to provide those things. We are not afraid of tears. We don't avoid them. We hold our children through them and teach them that when they are hurt or frustrated we are here to comfort them and help them work through their emotions.

    Attachment Parenting is not Clingy Parenting. I do not cling to my children, In feet, I'm pretty free-range. As soon as they can move they usually move away from me and let me set up a chase as they crawl, run, skip and hop on their merry way to explore the world, Sure, I carry them and hug them and chase them and kiss them and rock them and sleep with them, But this is not me following them everywhere and pulling them back to me. This is me being a home base. The "attachment" comes from their being allowed to attach to us, not from us attaching to them like parental leeches.

    Attachment Parenting is not Selfish Parenting. It is also not selfless parenting, We are not doing it for us, and we are not doing it to torment ourselves,

Attachment parenting is not Helicopter Parenting. I don't hover, I supervise, I follow, I teach, I demonstrate, I explain. I don't slap curious hands away, I show how to do things safely, I let my child do the things that my child wishes to do, first with help and then with supervision and finally with trust, I don't insist that my 23 month old hold my hand when we walk on the sidewalk because I know that I can recall him with my voice because he trusts me to allow him to explore and he trusts me to explain when something is dangerous and to help him satisfy his curiosities safely.

Most of the negative things that I hear about "attachment parents" are completely off-base and describe something that is entirely unlike Attachment Parenting. Attachment Parenting is child-centric and focuses on the needs of the child. Children need structure, rules, and boundaries. Attachment Parents simply believe that the child and the parent are allies, not adversaries, And that children are taught, not trained.

96. What makes attachment parents different from indulgent parents is that they    .

  A. show more love to their children

  B. think love is more important

  C. prefer both love and toys in parenting

  D. dislike ice cream or sweets

  97. According to the author, what should parents do when their kids cry?  

  A. Providing comfort and love.    B. Trying to stop kids crying.

  C. Holding them till they stop.    D. Rewarding kids with toys.

  98. What does “free-range” mean according to the passage? 

  A. Fond of providing a home base.

  B. Ready to play games with my kids.

  C. Curious to watch what games they play.

  D. Willing to give kids freedom of movement.

  99. Which of the following is NOT attachment parenting?   

  A. Fostering their curiosity.           B. Standing by and protecting.

  C. Showing them how things are done.  D. Helping them do the right thing.

  100. What does the passage mainly discuss? 

  A. How to foster love in children.  B. How to build child confidence.

  C. Different types of parenting.     D. Parent-child relationships.

 

答案解析:

 

PART I   DICTATION

   Male and Female Roles in Marriage

  In the traditional marriage, the man worked to earn money for the family. / The woman stayed at home to care for the children and her husband. / In recent years, many couples continue to have a traditional relationship of this kind. / Some people are happy with it. But others think differently. /

  There are two major differences in male and female roles now. / One is that both men and women have many more choices. / They may choose to marry or stay single. / They may choose to work or to stay at home. / A second difference is that, within marriage many decisions are shared. / If a couple has children, the man may take care of them /some of the time, all of the time or not at all. / The woman may want to stay at home / or she may want to go to work. / Men and women now decide these things together in a marriage.

  听写指导:

  由题目可以判定,文章围绕男性和女性在婚姻中的角色展开,第一段介绍了传统婚姻中两性的角色,而第二段对当今社会中两性在婚姻中的角色进行了具体的论述。因此,第一段用到了过去时,而第二段则完全使用现在时。需要考生根据语义判定时态。

 

PART II   LISTENING COMPREHENSION   SECTION A 1-5. BDADA  6-10. DCBAD;

SECTION B 11-15. BCACB  16-20.BACCD;   SECTION C 21-25. BABAD  26-30.ABAAD

PART III    CLOZE 31-35.ACBDC  36-40. ADBCA  41-45.DBDAC  46-50. BDACB

PART IV   GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY 51-55. CADBD   56-60. BACDC

61-65.BDBCD  66-70.ACBCC  71-75.BADAC  76-80. BCBDA

PART V    READING COMPREHENSION    A) 81-85.BADCD;   B) 86-90. CDADB;

C) 91-95.ABABD;      D) 96-100.BADBC

 

 

CLOZE答案详解

  31. [A] 句意为:电是日常生活的一部分,如今,我们已经习以为常,以至于开灯或开电视时很少仔细考虑电的问题。so…that…是固定搭配,意思是如此……以至于……”,故答案为[D]

  32. [C] 句意为:晚上灯光照亮的马路使人们自由通行,使交通畅通无阻。traffic意为交通”;pedestrian意为行人,与空格前的people词义重复; cartruck都指具体的车辆类型,含义过于狭窄。综合考虑,此处应填入traffic

  33. [B] 句意为:广告中使用的霓虹灯已经成为了每个现代化城市的一大特色。appearance意为外观”;character意为特征,特色”;distinction意为区别”;surface意为表面。根据句意,答案为[B]

  34. [D] 句意为:在家里,很多节省劳动力的设备都是由电带动的。四个选项都是复合形容词,labour-saving意为节省劳动力的”;time-saving意为节省时间的”;energy-saving意为节能的”;money-saving意为省钱的。根据句意,此处填入labour-saving最合适。

  35. [C] 句意为:即使当我们关上床头灯,睡得很熟时,电仍然在为我们工作……only意为只有”;rarely意为少有地”;even意为即使”;frequently意为频繁地,屡次地。根据句意,此处应填入even

  36. [A] fast asleep为固定搭配,意为睡得很熟的,故答案为[B]quite意为非常”;quickly意为很快地”;closely意为靠近地,接近地,均不符合句意,故排除。

  37. [D] move意为移动”;start意为启动”;repair意为修复”;drive意为驱动,使机器运转。此处的动词与our refrigerators连用,填入driving最合适,意为使电冰箱正常运行

  38. [B] bother to do sth. 意为费心做某事”;hesitate to do sth.意为做某事犹豫不决”;remember to do sth.记得去做某事。此处是说,我们费心思考它们为什么或如何运行,故答案为[B]

  39. [C] 句意:直到这些交通工具出问题时,我们才会费心思考它们为什么或如何运行。前半句出现了rarely,含否定意义,与until搭配使用,意为直到…………”,故答案为[C]

  40. [A] 句意为:1959年的夏天,负责给纽约供电的发电厂真的出了问题。当句子中没有其他的助动词时,可以在动词前使用助动词do表示对该动作的强调,助动词do随人称和时态而变化。因此,did符合题意。

  41. [D] 句意为:许多小时过去了,生活几乎停滞不前。come to a standstill是固定搭配,意为停住,停滞不前terminal意为终点”;breakdown意为故障”;pause意为暂停,均不符合句意,故排除。

  42. [B] 句意为:火车无法开动,车厢里的人坐在黑暗中无能为力,什么事也做不了。incompetent意为没有能力的, 不能胜任的”;powerless意为无能为力的”;hesitant意为迟疑不决的”;helpless意为无助的。此处指人处于停电的环境中无能为力,什么事也做不了,因此答案为[B]

  43. [D] 句意为:电梯也停止工作,即使你足够幸运,没被困在两层楼之间,也得自己不愉快地步行下楼梯。although意为虽然”;when意为……”;as意为……一样”;even if 意为即使,纵然。通过分析上下文,此处填入even if最合适。

  44. [A] 句意同上。lock意为……锁起来”;place意为放置”;position意为……放在适当的位置”;trap意为困住,陷入困境。根据上下文意思,此处应该选[D]

  45. [C] 句意同上。a flight of stairs是固定搭配,表示“(两个楼梯平台间的)一段楼梯,本题中考查的是复数形式,故答案为[C]

  46. [B] in an instant是固定搭配,意为瞬间,马上,意思相当于immediately,故答案为[A]in a minute意为很快,马上,一般用于将来时,不符合句意,故排除。

  47. [D] as…as…为固定搭配,表示……一样,故答案为[D]

  48. [A] 句意为:人们害怕离开自己的房子,因为虽然警察被要求随时待命,以防突发事件,但他们也像其他人一样疑惑和无助。for 表示原因,and表示并列关系,but表示转折,or表示选择。结合上下文,此处填入for最合适。

  49. [C] 句意同上。stand aside意为避开”;stand down意为从要职上退下”;stand by意为做好准备,待命”; stand in意为站立于,坐落于。根据上下文分析,此处应该指警察处于待命状态,故答案为[C]

  50. [B] 句意同上。helpless意为无助的”;aimless意为漫无目的的”;unfocused意为目光茫然的”;undecided意为尚未决定的。根据句意,此处应选[A]

 

语法与词汇解析

51. 历年真题原题C. will you? 反义疑问句

52. 历年真题原题A. no less hard working than. 和她的妹妹一样勤奋,(别人拿了优秀,但是她考试却没有过关)

53. 历年真题原题D. five miles seem like … A B 的主语是一样的,都是度量衡做主语,因此必有一个错的,度量衡表示数字用单数,因此A 不正确,应该是seems like

54. 历年真题原题B. I will give it to you after I return. Will 说明还没有return,只能是将来。(A 是讲述现在的一般情况,C 是对现在情况的询问,你到底怎么回事?D 是客观现实)

55. 历年真题原题D not so much as 是固定短语。

56. 历年真题原题B. that there is no doubt that 是固定句式。 That 从句其实是主语,there 是形式主语。

57. 历年真题原题 A. remains 主语是书名,因此用单数。后面从句是现在时,说那个基础时态也是现在时,故选C

58. 历年真题原题 Cwould be。对现在的虚拟,所以主句用would+动词原形

59. 曾考语法点静态动词 D. belong。属于肯定是静态

60. 曾考语法点考察不定式和它修饰的名词之间的关系。C. the last gust to leave. (A D 属于同一类型.表示被动关系, support the family, talk to a friend. B 是同位关系)

61. B. Bob did this. 解析:that 是指示下面要说的话,所以不正确。

62. D. a bit of flowers 搭配不正确, a bit of 只能跟不可数名词. 其他都没问题,

63. B. Who will go with me? 有人愿意和我一块儿去么,表示意愿。(A 表示将来,B 表示推测)

64. 历年真题原题替代词C.  he one 替代词可以是one he两种。

65. D.being 独立主格结构。主动状态,而后面的主句是came 过去式,所以用there being, 而不能用A

66. A call up 征召入伍。 A call on 表示呼吁号召, C. call for 表示需要,D call out 召集

67 C. wholesale . sell wholesale 批发 at… 批发价

68. B. artificial 本商品不含任何人工色素,香料,以及添加剂

69. 答案C. cheerfully with good grace= willingly and cheerfully; ungrudgingly

70. C. civic . You use civic to describe people or things that have an official status in a town or city.

...the businessmen and civic leaders of Manchester. Civic leader 公民团体领袖

71. B relieve= ease

72. A. compensated for  (-tt-; pt, pp offset) [Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth (by sth/doing sth) compensate for sth; balance sth 補償或抵銷某事物:从情感色彩和意义来说应该选择DD 要比C. balanced 在这

个句子中更恰当

73. D. cut = gash

73.A. lay off= lay out = sacked 裁员, lay off 主要指临时裁员

75. C ratting 更常用语经济学类,评级,评价,

76. B. celebrate. Celebrate to celebrate or officially remember an event that you consider to be important: aceremony to mark the 50th anniversary of the end of the war

77. C. productive. 解析:fertile mind= productive mind ,这个fertile 曾经考过,但是当时并没有考productive

78. B. circulation 流通,发行量circulation 报纸、杂志等发行的分数; 发行额; 销售量: a

newspaper with a (daily) circulation of more than one million(日)銷售量超過一百萬份的報紙

79. D. fully= at length

80. A. distribute= give out 分发

PART VI WRITING

  SECTION A COPOSITION

  参考范文

  How I Deal with Stress

  In today’s increasingly competitive society, the tempoof people’s living is speeding up and more and more people are loaded with a growing amount of stress and tension. Everyone feels overwhelmedand stressed in some way, as stress is an unavoidable consequence of life. The moments when I was caught up in extreme stress and overwhelm are when I was experiencing great difficulties finding satisfactory jobs.

  So what can we do when we feel overwhelmed and stressed about the things over which we have little control? In my opinion, one way to work offstress is to get moving. When I am stressed, I just take a walk, after which I always feel calmer and relaxed. Besides, I’ve learned to confide my stress toothers, which does help a lot. Friends and family members can be a great source of ideas and encouragement. Last but not least, I try to get enough rest and eat well, both of which enable me to be healthy enough and properly fueled to help me de-stress.

  As is mentioned above, like it or not, it is impossible for us to live completely free of stress. However, as long as we can come up with our own ways to cope with it, stress will not discourage us from living a pleasant life.

  闪光词句

  1. tempo节奏        2.overwhelmed难以承受的

  3. work off渐渐消除  4.confidesth. to sb.向某人吐露某事

  5. de-stress(使)减压

  SECTION B NOTE-WRITING

  参考范文

  April 20th, 2015

  Dear Mary,

  I’d like to send you the book Wolf Totem, which tells a story of the relationship between wolves and human beings. To begin with, the book is a reminder for usto protect the environment that we’ve done harm to. Meanwhile, this book emphasizes the importance of teamwork, because it is the wolves’ team work that makes them powerful. I believe you can benefit a lot fromthe book.

  Yours sincerely,

 

  闪光词句

1. a reminder for sb.提醒某人  2. do harm to...……造成伤害

3. benefit…from………中获益

 

 



 
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